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【已售完】FW 190 F-8 意大利北部,1944年【2011年5月到货】
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【已售完】FW 190 F-8 意大利北部,1944年【2011年5月到货】

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模型名称:FW 190 F-8 意大利北部,1944年      FW-190 F-8 Northern Italy, 1944

合金,P.V.C

规格:1/48

模型历史背景:

Fw190是第二次世界大战中最好的战斗机。由著名的飞机设计师Kurt.Tank主持设计。在整个第二次世界大战期间一共生产20000余架。该机是决定德国空军战斗力和作战效率的重要因素。Fw190计划来自两方面的需求。首先是德国空军加速扩大和德国空军部对今后战争的预测:在未来战争中需要不仅一种战斗机,仅依靠现有的Bf109,将不能保证在可预见的将来德国空军将具有领先的优势。 其次,根据情报分析,潜在对手的空军至少预研和装备了两种以上的现代化战斗机。所以,德国空军部拟定了新型战斗机研发的战技要求说明书,在1937年底下发到各飞机制造商。

1939年春,原型机Fw190V1出厂。新飞机是一架低单翼、全金属结构、起落架可收放的飞机。装一台1550hp的BMW13918缸双排星型气冷发动机,比DB601或Jumo211大1/4。1939年6月1日,福克公司的首席试飞员Hans.Sander进行了首次试飞。试飞证明飞机的速度在4000M高度时达595KM/h,操纵性能优异。但发动机有过热倾向,即使在座舱里温度也达到55度;座舱密封有问题,发动机废气漏进舱里,使Sander不得不代上氧气面罩已免窒息。随即,对飞机进行了改进,在发动机前增加了一个十叶片的冷却风扇,并加大发动机整流罩开口后问题基本解决。

  1939年秋天。第二架原型机Fw190V2出厂,10月31日进行试飞。1940年1月25日,Fw190V2为戈林进行了飞行表演,给戈林留下深刻印象,随即下令生产40架Fw190A-0。在此期间,BMW公司发展了更高级的14缸气冷双排星型发动机BMW801,新发动机的直径和老发动机的直径相似,只是较长较重。

  为使用新发动机,验证了原型机的结构可以承受;并把座舱后移,避免发动机高温和容纳侦查设备;座舱后移后容积减少,又不得不优化座舱设计等等。该进后的飞机即Fw190V5,于1940年初春试飞。

  试飞后又发现,更换发动机引起的增重,影响飞机的飞行特性。所以重新设计机翼,将机翼翼展加大到10.506M,机翼面积加大到18.30平方米。翼面积的增大,仅使飞机最大飞行速度降低了10KM/h,而飞行特性,尤其是爬升率有了长足进步。在Fw190V5的基础上,定型为Fw190A-0预生产型,从1940年10月开始生产。在此之后,Fw190边生产边改型,形成了Fw190系列飞机。
 

 

General Background
In 1937 the Me-109 was an excellent aircraft but the Reich Air Ministry wanted a new advanced fighter that could out perform any future foreign designs. Kurt Tank’s Focke-Wulf Fw-190 Würger (Butcher Bird) won the design competition by using an air-cooled radial engine. When the Fw-190 entered combat in the summer of 1941 it already was Germany’s premiere piston-powered WWII fighter. Over 20,000 of all variants of the Fw-190 were built with 13,291 of these being of the 9 different “A” variants.
The Aircraft
In early 1944 with things not going very well on the Eastern Front, the Luftwaffe found itself in dire need of a heavily armed attack aircraft that could destroy armored vehicles including tanks with something other than bombs. Germany had not developed weapons systems that would allow light fighter aircraft to be adapted to this role. This meant a trial and error method of finding the correct weaponry. One of the trials was labeled the Fw-190-8/R3 that along with the regular machine guns in the nose and wing roots, had two 30 mm Rheinmetall- Borsig MK 103 cannons mounted in under-wing pods. There were only two of this variant produced because recoil of the cannons were so great that it would over stress the wing structure and cause it to break apart.
Specifications :
Role: Single Seat Specialized Ground Attack Variant
First Battlefield Availability: March 1944
Users: German Luftwaffe and RHAF (Royal Hungarian Air Force)
Performance:  
Engine: 1 x 1,700 hp (1268 kw) BMW 801D-2 14 cylinder air-cooled radial engine Or
  1 x 2,100 hp (1566 kw) with MW-50 methanol/water injection in emergency situations.
Maximum Speed: 408 mph (653 km/h) with boost on
Initial Climb Rate: 2,350 ft (720 m) per minute
Service Ceiling: 37,400 ft (11410 m)
Range Using Internal Tanks Only: 560 miles (900 km)
Weight:  
Empty: 7,055 lbs (3200 kg)
Maximum Take-Off: 10,800 lbs (4900 kg)
Dimensions:  
Wing Span: 34 ft 5.5 in (10.50 m)
Length: 33 ft 5.5 in (10.2 m)
Height: 11 ft 0 in (3.35 m)
Wing Area: 196.99 sq ft (18.30 sq m)
Armament: (2) 13 mm (0.51 in) MG 131 machine guns above the engine
  (2) 20 mm MG 151/20 cannon in the wing roots
  (2) MG 151/20 or MK 108 cannon in outer wings
  Plus (1) 3,968 lbs (1800 kg) centerline bomb Or
  1,102 lbs (500 kg) SC500 centerline bomb And
  (2) 551 lbs (250 kg) bombs on wing racks

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